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Manipulatives in the Mathematics Classroom: Virtual and Concrete
PROCEEDINGS

, University of Houston-Victoria, United States

Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, in Austin, Texas, USA ISBN 978-1-880094-92-1 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA

Abstract

Abstract: While teaching with manipulatives is not a new or novel concept for the classroom, the jury is still out on many decisions. Which type, concrete or virtual is best? Does the use of manipulatives help to lower anxiety? Does the use of virtual manipulatives lead to more complex understanding of mathematics? In this study, teacher candidates were given modules with concrete and virtual manipulatives. The participants were given pre and post questionnaires concerning anxieties as well as the modules were evaluated as for accuracy.

Citation

Patton, B. (2012). Manipulatives in the Mathematics Classroom: Virtual and Concrete. In P. Resta (Ed.), Proceedings of SITE 2012--Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 4423-4425). Austin, Texas, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved January 21, 2020 from .

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