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The functions of multiple representations

Computers & Education Volume 33, Number 2, ISSN 0360-1315 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


Multiple representations and multi-media can support learning in many different ways. In this paper, it is claimed that by identifying the functions that they can serve, many of the conflicting findings arising out of the existing evaluations of multi-representational learning environments can be explained. This will lead to more systematic design principles. To this end, this paper describes a functional taxonomy of MERs. This taxonomy is used to ask how translation across representations should be supported to maximise learning outcomes and what information should be gathered from empirical evaluation in order to determine the effectiveness of multi-representational learning environments.


Ainsworth, S. (1999). The functions of multiple representations. Computers & Education, 33(2), 131-152. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved February 21, 2020 from .

This record was imported from Computers & Education on January 30, 2019. Computers & Education is a publication of Elsevier.

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