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A Study of Multimedia Annotation of Web-Based Materials

, Graduate School of Network Learning Technology, NCU, Taiwan, Taiwan ; , Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, NCU, Taiwan, Taiwan ; , Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Birmingham, UK, United Kingdom

EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Montreal, Canada ISBN 978-1-880094-56-3 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC


Web-based learning has become an important way to enhance learning and teaching and it can offer many learning opportunities. However, it is not easy to understand the learning status or attributes of students and then provide online help to students having problems in web-based learning. Tracking and analyzing some types of learning behavior, such as students' annotation, has attracted attention as a means to enhance web-based learning. This research investigates the use of a tool to assist annotation for learning. First, an annotation tool was designed and implemented for the research. Second, some learning mechanisms, including full and group annotation sharing, are employed to promote students' motivation for annotation. Lastly, experiments with individual and shared annotation were conducted and the results show that the influence of annotation on learning performance becomes more significant with the use of sharing mechanisms. We propose that collaborative interaction in annotation is a worthwhile area of future study.


Hwang, W.Y., Wang, C.Y. & Sharples, M. (2005). A Study of Multimedia Annotation of Web-Based Materials. In P. Kommers & G. Richards (Eds.), Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 2005--World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (pp. 4272-4280). Montreal, Canada: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved January 25, 2020 from .



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