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The academic achievement of American Indians

, Department of Economics, University of California Santa Barbara, United States ; , Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics, Montana State University, United States

Economics of Education Review Volume 36, Number 1, ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


The academic achievement of American Indians has not been extensively studied. Using NAEP supplements, we find that the average achievement relative to white students resembles other disadvantaged groups. However, there are several differences. Family characteristics explain two times as much of the raw gap as for blacks. School factors also account for a larger portion of the gap than for blacks or Hispanics. The distribution is also strikingly different: low performing American Indian students have a substantially larger gap than high performing students. Finally, racial self-identification is more strongly related to achievement, especially as American Indian students age.


Fischer, S. & Stoddard, C. (2013). The academic achievement of American Indians. Economics of Education Review, 36(1), 135-152. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved April 14, 2021 from .

This record was imported from Economics of Education Review on January 28, 2019. Economics of Education Review is a publication of Elsevier.

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