Interstate variation in the use of fees to fund K-12 public education
Economics of Education Review Volume 21, Number 1 ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
In this paper, we first offer economic arguments in support of greater consideration of user charges to fund public primary and secondary education. Second, to better understand why these economic arguments have not had further influence, a regression analysis shows the factors responsible for the observed variance in public school use of charges across the United States in 1991–92. Measures of matching grant activity, average district size, percentage population of school age, educational attainment, political ideology, institutional restrictions on property tax and fee usage, local tax deductibility, and unaccounted for regional variations all help to explain interstate variation in school district user fees. Based upon the regression findings, we offer suggestions on how to increase reliance on public school user charges. Our review of US school district data from 1991–92 suggests that as much as 30 billion dollars in expenditures on auxiliary services, or about 13% of all public school expenditure, could be funded through fees.
Wassmer, R.W. & Fisher, R.C. Interstate variation in the use of fees to fund K-12 public education. Economics of Education Review, 21(1), 87-100. Elsevier Ltd.