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An examination of interactions in a three-dimensional virtual world

, , , , Department of Computer Education & Instructional Technology, Turkey

Computers & Education Volume 88, Number 1, ISSN 0360-1315 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


Three-dimensional (3D) virtual worlds hold the users' attention by providing rich interaction in an environment similar to the real world. User engagement duration is known to increase in environments with intense interaction. However, information in the literature about whether gender, experience, or spatial ability affects interaction in these environments is limited. In this study, these three factors are compared to users' depth of interaction in a 3D virtual world. In addition, the relationships between engagement duration, spatial ability, and depth of interaction are examined to investigate whether the first two factors can predict the third. Findings showed that users' depth of interaction was not influenced by gender, but experience and spatial ability did affect interaction. A strong relationship was determined between depth of interaction and engagement duration, and a moderate relationship was found between depth of interaction and spatial ability. Findings indicated that when designing 3D environments, it is important to consider which kinds of tasks provide more interaction and to what extent spatial abilities affect interaction, as well as to prepare activities that will increase engagement duration and to devise strategies to enhance depth of interaction.


Yilmaz, R.M., Baydas, O., Karakus, T. & Goktas, Y. (2015). An examination of interactions in a three-dimensional virtual world. Computers & Education, 88(1), 256-267. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved April 3, 2020 from .

This record was imported from Computers & Education on January 29, 2019. Computers & Education is a publication of Elsevier.

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