Intellectual and metacognitive skills of novices while studying texts under conditions of text difficulty and time constraint
Learning and Instruction Volume 14, Number 6 ISSN 0959-4752 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
This study investigated the nature of the relation between intelligence and metacognitive skillfulness as predictors of novice learning from text studying. Additionally, effects of text difficulty and time constraint were examined. The intelligence of 46 social-sciences students was assessed before studying two texts on different topics. Half of the participants studied the difficult text under time pressure, while the other half did so for the easy text. Metacognition was scored from thinking-aloud protocols. Results show that metacognition, although correlated to intelligence, also uniquely contributed to comprehension of both texts. Time constraint on studying a difficult text impaired text comprehension.
Veenman, M.V.J. & Beishuizen, J.J. Intellectual and metacognitive skills of novices while studying texts under conditions of text difficulty and time constraint. Learning and Instruction, 14(6), 621-640. Elsevier Ltd.