Stigma and stratification limiting the math course progression of adolescents labeled with a learning disability
Learning and Instruction Volume 42, Number 1, ISSN 0959-4752 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Learning disability (LD) designations may produce stigma by masking the real causes of learning differences, altering perceptions, and legitimizing stratification. This study uses data on adolescents and their teachers from The Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 to show the negative effect of LD designations on adolescents' math course attainment is partially mediated by disparities in adolescents' earlier math course placements, and teachers' more negative attributions and expectations. Results indicate addressing low achievement through LD designations may reproduce disadvantage through stigma and stratification.
Shifrer, D. (2016). Stigma and stratification limiting the math course progression of adolescents labeled with a learning disability. Learning and Instruction, 42(1), 47-57. Elsevier Ltd.