Education and crime engagement in South Africa: A national and provincial perspective
Petronella Jonck, Research and Innovation Unit, The National School of Government, South Africa ; Anne Goujon, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU, Austria), Vienna Institute of Demography and International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria ; Maria Rita Testa, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU, Austria), Vienna Institute of Demography and Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria ; John Kandala, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
International Journal of Educational Development Volume 45, Number 1, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
The relationship between crime and education were explored within the South African context from a national and provincial perspective. Drawing from 2001 census data, the inmate and the general population were compared to determine predictors of criminal engagement. With the second dataset on maximum security prisoners in the province of Free State, we explored whether education can predict the type of crime. While education does not delineate crime types in the Free State province, the completion of Grade 12 decrease the likelihood of being incarcerated. Thus, pointing at the potential effect of education in reducing crime.
Jonck, P., Goujon, A., Testa, M.R. & Kandala, J. (2015). Education and crime engagement in South Africa: A national and provincial perspective. International Journal of Educational Development, 45(1), 141-151. Elsevier Ltd.