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“Hour of Code”: Can It Change Students’ Attitudes toward Programming?

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JITE-IIP Volume 15, Number 1, ISSN 2165-3151 e-ISSN 2165-3151 Publisher: Informing Science Institute


The Hour of Code is a one-hour introduction to computer science organized by, a non-profit dedicated to expanding participation in computer science. This study investigated the impact of the Hour of Code on students\u2019 attitudes towards computer programming and their knowledge of programming. A sample of undergraduate students from two universities was selected to participate. Participants completed an Hour of Code tutorial as part of an undergraduate course. An electronic questionnaire was implemented in a pre-survey and post-survey format to gauge the change in student attitudes toward programming and their programming ability. The findings indicated the positive impact of the Hour of Code tutorial on students\u2019 attitude toward programming. However, the students\u2019 programming skills did not significantly change. The authors suggest that a deeper alignment of marketing, teaching, and content would help sustain the type of initiative exemplified by the Hour of Code.


Wimmer, H., Du, J. & Rada, R. (2015). “Hour of Code”: Can It Change Students’ Attitudes toward Programming?. Journal of Information Technology Education: Innovations in Practice, 15(1), 53-73. Informing Science Institute. Retrieved September 19, 2021 from .