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A Time Sequence-Oriented Concept Map Approach to Developing Educational Computer Games for History Courses

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Interactive Learning Environments Volume 23, Number 2, ISSN 1049-4820


Concept maps have been recognized as an effective tool for students to organize their knowledge; however, in history courses, it is important for students to learn and organize historical events according to the time of their occurrence. Therefore, in this study, a time sequence-oriented concept map approach is proposed for developing a game-based environment to facilitate students' learning of historical events and their organization during the gaming process. With this approach, students can easily learn the precedence relationships among the historical events that occurred in different time periods with the time sequence-oriented concept map. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, a historical role-playing game has been developed for an elementary school history course to examine the students' performance in terms of learning motivation, self-efficacy and learning achievements. A subject unit, the "Siege of Fort Zeelandia by Zheng Cheng-Gong," was chosen as the history topic. The results show that the proposed approach can significantly enhance the students' learning achievement, but did not affect their learning motivation or self-efficacy for the history course. As a consequence, it is concluded that students can benefit from concept maps in terms of enhancing their learning achievement, but they do not necessarily enjoy using concept maps in game-based learning activities.


Chu, H.C., Yang, K.H. & Chen, J.H. (2015). A Time Sequence-Oriented Concept Map Approach to Developing Educational Computer Games for History Courses. Interactive Learning Environments, 23(2), 212-229. Retrieved October 16, 2021 from .

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