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Balancing the One-to-One Equation: Equity and Access in Three Laptop Programs

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Equity & Excellence in Education Volume 47, Number 1, ISSN 1066-5684


Seeking to improve teaching and learning and to narrow gaps between students of high and low socioeconomic status, many school districts in the United States are implementing one-to-one laptop programs. In this comparative case study, we examine one-to-one laptop programs in Colorado, California, and Alabama, all of which deployed low-cost netbook computers and open source software with the aim of enhancing digital participation and increasing educational equity. In spite of overlapping goals, the projects had very different outcomes. We analyze the roots and implications of these differences.


Warschauer, M., Zheng, B., Niiya, M., Cotten, S. & Farkas, G. (2014). Balancing the One-to-One Equation: Equity and Access in Three Laptop Programs. Equity & Excellence in Education, 47(1), 46-62. Retrieved June 24, 2021 from .

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