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Towards a pre-teen typology of digital media

, , University of Canterbury

Australasian Journal of Educational Technology Volume 26, Number 5, ISSN 0814-673X Publisher: Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education


Whilst prior research has identified children as avid users of new technologies, insufficient studies have explored their patterns of use. This paper investigates how New Zealand pre-teens use technology out of school and identifies a typology of technology use. Two hundred and twenty four children between 10 and 12 years of age completed a comprehensive questionnaire about their use of technology. Results indicated that children of this age were immersed in technology related activities. A principal components factor analysis revealed a typology with five distinct factors underlying pre-teen digital behaviour. Two factors showed some differentiation by gender but differences were not evident for socio-economic factors.


Grimley, M. & Allan, M. (2010). Towards a pre-teen typology of digital media. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 26(5),. Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education. Retrieved January 19, 2020 from .

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