You are here:

Beyond Independence in Distance Education: The Concept of Control


American Journal of Distance Education Volume 1, Number 3,


Discussion of learner control in the educational process focuses on adult distance education. Independence, power, and support are described as the three components of control of the learning process, and the concept of control as it relates to the communication process between student and teacher is discussed. (LRW)


Garrison, D.R. & Baynton, M. (1987). Beyond Independence in Distance Education: The Concept of Control. American Journal of Distance Education, 1(3), 3-15. Retrieved August 11, 2022 from .

This record was imported from ERIC on March 21, 2014. [Original Record]

ERIC is sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education.

Copyright for this record is held by the content creator. For more details see ERIC's copyright policy.


Cited By

View References & Citations Map

These links are based on references which have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake, please contact