Utilizing different instructional formats in a Web-based distance learning program about leisure service delivery
Michael Andrew Mulvaney, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign . Awarded
The purpose of this study was to examine the instructional design of a web-based distance learning program (WBDL) about pay-for-performance systems in parks and recreation. The effects of two instructional strategies, discussion groups and multiple-formatted content, on participants' declarative knowledge and self-efficacy were examined. The moderating role of cognitive learning style, experience with technology, technology self-efficacy, and several individual characteristic variables were also examined. Participants for the study were students from four undergraduate courses in the Department of Recreation, Sport and Tourism. Preliminary correlation measures, a series of univariate analyses, and hierarchical regressions were used to test the research question and hypotheses. Analyses indicated that there were significant differences between a WBDL workshop with discussion group activities and a WBDL workshop without discussion groups with regard to participants' declarative knowledge and performance appraisal self-efficacy. Furthermore, these effects were not impacted by participants' experience with technology, technology self-efficacy, or a variety of other individual characteristics. No significant differences were found when examining the effects of multiple formats on declarative knowledge and performance appraisal self-efficacy. Further analyses on the interacting effect of multiple formats and discussion group activities found that multiple formats had a neutral effect on the positive effects of discussion group activities on participants' declarative knowledge. However, multiple formats negatively impacted the effects of discussion groups on performance appraisal self-efficacy. Findings from the study are discussed.
Mulvaney, M.A. Utilizing different instructional formats in a Web-based distance learning program about leisure service delivery. Ph.D. thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
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