Effects of utilizing educational TV shows and conversational recasting on language skills of preschoolers with specific language impairments
Nancy Ann Beale, Walden University, United States
Walden University . Awarded
The preschool years are a time of rapid language development. Children who experience delays or impairments in speech and language skills are at risk for future struggles. Research has shown conversational recasting to be an effective speech technique and that educational television has positive impacts on children's language development. Research has not been conducted that examines using these two naturalistic methods together. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship of the combined treatment of educational TV viewing and conversational recasting therapy on receptive language skills in preschool-age children who meet the criteria of specific language impairment (SLI). A single-subject multiple baseline across individuals design was used to examine the research questions that predicted increases in mean differences between an individual's expressive language skills across a variety of variables from baseline to end of treatment phase. A convenience sample consisting of 2 females and 2 males was collected by recruiting participants from a rural public school district. Language samples encompassing the dependent variables were collected and analyzed by visual inspection of mean differences, non-overlapping data points, and changes in trend. Results indicate that almost all receptive language behaviors increased after treatment, with greatest increases seen in use of different words, target words, and utterances. Implications furthering several language theories, supporting the use of educational television, and the prospect of the intervention increasing expressive language skills are discussed. The results of this current study support positive social change aimed at broadening the understanding of language interventions that positively influence expressive language skills their utilization in school and home settings and with different cultural groups.
Beale, N.A. Effects of utilizing educational TV shows and conversational recasting on language skills of preschoolers with specific language impairments. Ph.D. thesis, Walden University.
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