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A flexible framework for online collaborative learning


Internet and Higher Education Volume 9, Number 4, ISSN 1096-7516 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


This paper presents a framework for online collaborative learning, also known as telecollaboration. At the centre of this flexible framework are online collaborative educational experiences where knowledge creation and knowledge in action are the nexus of social, teaching and cognitive presence based on the "Community of Inquiry" model of Garrison, Anderson and Archers [Garrison, D.R., Anderson, T., and Archer, W. (1999). Critical thinking in a text-based environment: Computer conferencing in higher education. "Internet and Higher Education", 2(2–3), 87–105]. The framework provided should guide educators as they design, develop and implement authentic educational experiences within local, national or international settings in partnership with other educational stakeholders.


Redmond, P. & Lock, J.V. (2006). A flexible framework for online collaborative learning. Internet and Higher Education, 9(4), 267-276. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved January 29, 2023 from .

This record was imported from Internet and Higher Education on February 1, 2019. Internet and Higher Education is a publication of Elsevier.

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