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Selected Research and Development Presentations at the 1994 National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division


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Table of Contents

Number of papers: 52

  1. The Effects of Multimedia Presentation Formats on the Spatial Recall of a Narrative

    Barbara Fields Ottaviani & John B. Black

    This study investigated four types of media formats: (1) talking head; (2) voice-under-text; (3) voice-under-video; and (4) multiformat (combination of talking head, voice-under-video, and text).... More

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  2. What Is Nursing Informatics?

    D McGonigle

    Information technology has developed to the point of providing a means to manage nursing and related health-care data effectively for nursing administrators, educators, practitioners, and... More

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  3. The Integration of Learning Strategies in Interactive Multimedia Instruction

    Richard Kenny & Eileen E. Schroeder

    Research on notetaking as a learning strategy and on the related techniques of outlining and concept mapping is reviewed. The effectiveness of these techniques in helping the learner encode new... More

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  4. Implementation of an Interactive Videodisc Program: An Ethnographic Study

    Hsun-Fung Kao

    This enthnographic study examines the process of implementing an interactive videodisc program in a senior high school. The research questions were: What happened during the implementation process ... More

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  5. An Analysis of a Computer Assisted Learning System: Student Perception and Reactions

    W J. Gibbs

    Within the Mathematics of Finance classes at the Smeal College of Business Administration at Penn State University, lectures are developed using Asymetric's Toolbook program and are presented... More

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  6. The Role of Perceptions in Instructional Development and Adoption

    Daniel W. Surry & Kent L. Gustafson

    The roles of perceptions in instructional development and adoption processes were studied with regard to the attributes of three computer-based learning modules designed for use in weather... More

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  7. The Use of Humor in a CBI Science Lesson To Enhance Retention

    Wendy Snetsinger & Barbara Grabowski

    This research experiment studied the effect of humor versus non-humor on learning and retention of a computer-based instructional (CBI) lesson on tick identification. The experiment also surveyed... More

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  8. Multimedia vs. Print Information Resources: Information Location and Use, Motivation, and Learning Patterns for Children and Adults

    Ruth V. Small & Sueli M. Ferreira

    In educational and training environments, teachers assign their students independent research tasks that require locating, gathering, synthesizing, and summarizing information from one or more... More

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  9. An Exploration of Closure as a Factor Influencing Group Member Satisfaction: Implications for Applications of Group Support Technology in Education

    Ruth V. Small & Murali Venkatesh

    Research that identifies factors that facilitate information processing and enhance performance without reducing group confidence and decision satisfaction may influence future development of... More

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  10. Distance Education in Iowa: A Research Plan

    Michael R. Simonson & Sharon Smaldino

    The Iowa Communications Network (ICN), a statewide full-motion interactive fiber-optic network for distance education, is nearing completion. Few innovations have had the potential impact of the... More

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  11. Navigating through Hypertext: Navigational Technique, Individual Differences, and Learning

    Eileen E. Schroeder

    Maps or graphical browsers of structural knowledge allow the user of a hypertext system to navigate from node to node through the structure as they portray the links between concepts spatially.... More

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  12. Educational Technology Adoption: An Information Systems Perspective

    Scott L. Schneberger & Karen Lee Jost

    Concentrating on the adoption and implementation of educational technology, this paper outlines and compares the conceptual definitions of educational technology (ET) and information systems (IS). ... More

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  13. What Works: The Results of Evaluations on Two Interactive Multimedia Programs

    Kathy J. Schmidt

    The American Institute for Learning (AIL) has developed two interactive multimedia drug-awareness programs for secondary students who have used substances experimentally or are being challenged by ... More

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  14. A Major Children's Educational Art Exhibit: An Evaluative Case Study

    George W. Schlenk & Sharon A. Shrock

    Results of a case study of an exhibit of art and artifacts designed for children are presented. The focus of the study was to apply the principles of instructional-message design to the evaluation ... More

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  15. Trends in Instructional Technology: Educational Reform and Electronic Performance Support Systems

    Glenda Rose Scales

    As society moves into the information age, changes need to be made in the educational process to ensure that students will have the skills they will need in the changing workplace. By keeping... More

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  16. Curiosity, Motivation, and "Flow" in Computer-Based Instruction

    Luther I. Rotto

    The relations among curiosity, intrinsic motivation, and the "flow" state of absorbed participation as defined by Csikszentmihalyi are explored. Specifically, the roles curiosity plays in... More

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  17. Using Interactive Software To Develop Students' Problem-Solving Skills: Evaluation of the "Intelligent Physics Tutor."

    Steven M. Ross & Jason Casey

    This study presents a formative evaluation of "The Intelligent Physics Tutor," an interactive software program designed to improve high school physics students' problem-solving skills. The purposes... More

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  18. Design 2000: Theory-Based Design Models of the Future

    Rita C. Richey

    The influence of theory on instructional-design models of the future is explored on the basis of the theoretical developments of today. Anticipated model changes are expected to result from... More

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  19. Evaluating the Impact of Instructional Multimedia: Workable Techniques

    Gail A. Rathbun & David A. Goodrum

    A framework is proposed for the formative evaluation of multimedia. It describes techniques that have worked well in the evaluation of software development and gives examples of the use of... More

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  20. Producing Effective Graduate-Level Distance Education Courses for Interactive Television

    Robert V. Price

    Distance-education delivery through interactive television (ITV) is an effective means of providing instruction to learners. There are many advantages, such as the ability to provide immediate... More

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