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Toward Combining Programmed Instruction and Constructivism for Tutorial Design

, Cameron University

Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA


The suggestion that programmed instruction and Constructivism might be combined in the creation of tutorial software seems contradictory when one considers the differences between the two theories. Programmed instruction, which is based on operant conditioning, is reductionist focuses on external control and reinforcement. On the other hand, constructivist approaches view learning a process in which individual students construct or build their own internal interpretations of external events. These assumptions about learning are very different and indicate the two theories are incompatible. However, if one considers the type of knowledge the learner is expected to acquire, then there is room to consider what each theory can contribute.


Smith-Gratto, K. (1995). Toward Combining Programmed Instruction and Constructivism for Tutorial Design. In J. Willis, B. Robin & D. Willis (Eds.), Proceedings of SITE 1995--Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 828-830). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved December 19, 2018 from .

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