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Using SEM to Move from Theory to Practice with the TPACK Framework

, , University of Louisville, United States ; , Arizona State University, United States

Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, in Nashville, Tennessee, USA ISBN 978-1-880094-84-6 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA


This paper presents the findings from a non-experimental Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis of the raw data used to measure (n = 596) educators at virtual schools in the United States TPACK levels using SPSS and Amos Graphics statistical software. A measurement model (MM) where PCK and TPACK were latent constructs was compared to a MM with seven TPACK constructs correlated as latent constructs. Findings suggest that seven constructs were not measured. The preferred alternative model considered only two latent constructs and used the sub-scale items to be causal indicators measuring the latent constructs PCK and TPACK’s effect on educators.


Jones, B., Adelson, J. & Archambault, L. (2011). Using SEM to Move from Theory to Practice with the TPACK Framework. In M. Koehler & P. Mishra (Eds.), Proceedings of SITE 2011--Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 2518-2525). Nashville, Tennessee, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved March 22, 2019 from .

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