You are here:

Towards a New Learning Ecology: Professional Development for Teachers in 1:1 Learning Environments

, , , , , NC State University, United States

CITE Journal Volume 12, Number 2, ISSN 1528-5804 Publisher: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education, Waynesville, NC USA


As the nation’s economy continues its irrevocable shift from manufacturing toward idea-driven, creative industries, our schools — and the teaching and learning enterprise at the heart of our schools — need to undergo a transformation as well. The result of such a transformation needs to be a type of educational experience and expertise that will not only support but also ignite participation in — and leadership for — an idea-driven, creative economy. Equally important as supporting a new economy is educational experience and expertise that supports a global citizenry. This paper argues for the importance of 1:1 laptop environments and related professional development initiatives as the catalysts for a new learning ecology that provide the dynamic educational reform described above.


Spires, H., Wiebe, E., Young, C., Hollebrands, K. & Lee, J. (2012). Towards a New Learning Ecology: Professional Development for Teachers in 1:1 Learning Environments. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 12(2), 232-254. Waynesville, NC USA: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education. Retrieved March 27, 2019 from .

View References & Citations Map


  1. Asia Society. (2007). Learning in a global age: Knowledge and skills for a flat world. New York, NY: Author.
  2. Barron, B. (2006). Interest and self-sustained learning as catalysts of development: A learning ecologies perspective. Human Development, 49, 193-224.
  3. Brown, J. S. (1999 ). Learning, working, and playing in the digital age. Retrieved from the Serendip website:
  4. Bull, G., Thompson, A., Searson, M., Garofalo, J., Park, J., Young, C., & Lee, J. (2008). Connecting informal and formal learning: Experiences in the age of participatory media. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 8(2). Retrieved from
  5. Carroll, T. (2007). Preparing and supporting 21st century teachers. In B. Wehling, (Ed.). Building a 21st century US education system. Washington, DC: National Commission on Teaching and America’s Future.
  6. Chandler-Olcott, K. (2009). A tale of two tasks: Editing in the era of digital literacies. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 53(1), 71–74.
  7. Cook, S., & Brown, J. S. (2005). Bridging epistemologies: The generational knowledge between organizational knowledge and organizational knowing. In S.E. Little & T. Ray, (Eds.), Managing knowledge: An essential reader (2nd ed.; pp. 51-84). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
  8. Corn, J., & Osborne, J. (2009, March). Mid-year evaluation report on the progress of the North Carolina 1:1 learning technology initiative. Raleigh, NC: Friday Institute for Educational Innovation, North Carolina State University.
  9. Darling-Hammond, L., Wei, R., Andree, A., Richardson, N., & Orphanos, S. (2009). Professional learning in the learning profession: A status report on teacher
  10. Davidson, C. (2007, March 23). We can't ignore the influence of digital technologies. Chronicle of Higher Education, 53(29), B20. Retrieved from
  11. Dede, C. (2009a). Determining, developing and assessing the capabilities of “futureready” students. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.
  12. Dede, C. (2009b). Immersive interfaces for engagement and learning. Science, 323(5910), 66-69.
  13. Dewey, J. (1927). The public and its problems. Athens, OH: Shallow Press.
  14. Dole, J. A., & Sinatra, G. M. (1998). Reconceptualizing change in the cognitive construction of knowledge. Educational Psychologist, 33(2-3), 109-28.
  15. Fadel, C., Honey, M., & Pasnik, S. (2007, May 23). Assessment in the age of innovation. Education Week. Retrieved from
  16. Florida, R. (2009, March). How the crash will reshape America: The winners and the losers. The Atlantic. Retrieved from
  17. Graham, P. (2007). Improving teacher effectiveness through structured collaboration: A case study of a professional learning community. Research in Middle Level Education Online, 31(1), 1-17.
  18. Gregoire, M. (2003). Is it a challenge or a threat? A dual-process model of teachers’ cognition and appraisal processes during conceptual change. Educational Psychology Review, 15(2), 147-179.
  19. International Society for Technology in Education. (2008). The national educational technology standards and performance indicators for teachers. Eugene, OR: Author.
  20. Internet World Stats. (2012). Top 20 Internet countries. Bogota, Colombia: Miniwatts Marketing Group. Retrieved from
  21. Koehler, M. J., & Mishra, P. (2008). Introducing TPCK. In AACTE Committee on
  22. Jenkins, H., Clinton, K., Purushotma, R., Robinson, A., & Weigel, M. (2006). Confronting the challenges of participatory culture: Media education for the 21st century (White paper for the MacArthur Foundation). Retrieved from
  23. Lee, J. (2008). Toward democracy: Social studies and technological pedagogical content knowledge. In J. Colbert (Ed.), The handbook of technological pedagogical content knowledge for teaching and teacher educators (pp. 129-144). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  24. Lenhart, A., Madden, M., Macgill, A. R., & Smith, A. (2007). Teens and social media. Washington, DC: Pew Research Center.
  25. Leu, D. J., Coiro, J., Castek, J., Hartman, D., Henry, L. A., & Reinking, D. (2008). Research on instruction and assessment in the new literacies of online reading comprehension. In C. C. Block & S. Parris, (Eds.), Comprehension instruction: Researchbased best practices (2nd ed.; pp. 321-346). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  26. Little, S. E., & Ray, T. (2005). Managing knowledge: An essential reader (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
  27. Levy, F., & Murnane, R. J. (2004). The new division of labor: How computers are creating the next job market. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  28. Merek, E., & Methven, S. (1991). Effects of the learning cycle upon student and classroom teacher performance. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 28(1), 41-53.
  29. Mishra, P., & Koehler, M. J. (2006). Technological pedagogical content knowledge: A framework for teacher knowledge. Teachers College Record, 108(6), 1017–1054.
  30. Mouza, C. (2008). Learning with laptops: Implementation and outcomes in an urban,
  31. North Carolina e-Learning Commission. (2009). North Carolina e-Learning Commission report to the North Carolina Education Cabinet. Retrieved from 20Reports%20Received/NC%20e-Learning%20Commission%20Report.pdf
  32. North Carolina State Board of Education. (2008). Response to the framework for
  33. Newman, F., Bryk, A., & Nagaoka, J. (2001). Authentic intellectual work and
  34. O'Reilly, T. (2006, November 10). Harnessing collective intelligence. Retrieved from the O’Reilly Radar blog:
  35. Partnership for 21st Century Skills. (2004). Retrieved from http: //
  36. Partnership for 21st Century Skills. (2009). 21st century learning environments. Retrieved from
  37. Pintrich, P. R., Marx, R. W., & Boyle, R. A. (1993). Beyond cold conceptual change: The role of motivational beliefs and classroom contextual factors in the process of conceptual change. Review of Educational Research 63, 167-99.
  38. Posner, G. J., Strike, K. A., Hewson, P.W., & Gertzog, W.A. (1982). Accommodation of a scientific conception: Toward a theory of conceptual change. Science Education, 66(2), 211-227.
  39. Senges, M., Brown, J.S., & Rheingold, H. (2008, December). Entrepreneurial learning in the networked age. Paradigmes, 1, 125-140.
  40. Silva, E. (2008). Measuring skills for the 21st century. Washington, DC: Education Board.
  41. Spires, H., Lee, J., Turner, K., & Johnson, J. (2008). Having our say: Middle grades student perspectives on school, technologies, and academic engagement. Journal of Research in Technology in Education, 40(4), 497-515.
  42. Sternberg, R. J. (1997): Successful intelligence: How practical and creative intelligence determine success in life. New York, NY: Penguin Group.
  43. Stiggins, R. J. (1994). Student-centered classroom assessment. New York, NY: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  44. Wesch, M. (2008). A portal for media literacy [video]. Retrieved from YouTube:
  45. U.S. Department of Education. (2010). Race to the Top, State Fiscal Stabilization Fund: Incentive grants. Washington, DC: Author.
  46. Yang, S. C., & Liu, S. F. (2004). Case study of online workshops for the professional development of teachers. Computers in Human Behavior, 20(6), 733-761.
  47. Yoon, K. S., Duncan, T., Lee, S. W.-Y., Scarloss, B., & Shapley, K. (2007). Reinventing the evidence on how teacher professional development affects student achievement (Issues & Answers Report, REL 2007-No. 033). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation & Regional Assistance, Regional Educational Laboratory Southwest.
  48. Young, C. A., Hicks, T., & Kajder, S. (2008). Framing research on technology and student learning in English education during an era of changing literacy practices. In L. Bell, A. Thompson, & L. Schrum (Eds.), Framing research on technology and student learning
  49. Zucker, A., & Light, D. (2009). Laptop programs for students. Science, 323(5910), 82-85.

These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake in the references above, please contact