Instructor Immediacy and Social Presence in Online, Audio Sessions: Implications for Podcasting
Maria Schutt, SDSU, United States
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, in San Diego, CA, USA ISBN 978-1-880094-78-5 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA
Podcasting has become increasingly popular and easy-to-use tools integrated in course management systems make it easy for faculty to incorporate audio-delivered content in their courses. Earlier studies showed that instructor immediacy is associated with learning outcomes, satisfaction, and motivation. Students participating in this experiment (n=601) were assigned to listen to two versions of a recorded session (high vs. low immediacy) and reported on their perceptions of the instructor immediacy and social presence. Results demonstrated that students assigned to the high-immediacy session indicated significantly higher perception of instructor immediacy and social presence than students assigned to the low-immediacy session. Findings suggest that using established immediacy behaviors will impact student perceptions of the instructor and the learning experience projected through audio recordings.
Schutt, M. (2010). Instructor Immediacy and Social Presence in Online, Audio Sessions: Implications for Podcasting. In D. Gibson & B. Dodge (Eds.), Proceedings of SITE 2010--Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 859-863). San Diego, CA, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).