Social Presence in K-12 Interactive Television Classrooms
Michiko Kobayashi, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, United States
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, in Orlando, Florida, USA ISBN 978-1-880094-58-7 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA
Social presence is one of the critical factors that affect student's learning in interactive television (ITV) classrooms. The paper discusses a theory of social presence and related concepts and examines how instructors can enhance social presence in K-12 ITV classrooms. In reviewing literature, it is concluded that to enhance social presence, instructors should increase the use of teacher immediacy and interaction and emphasize a shared social identity to facilitate a sense of community. The quality of audio and video also impacts social presence and technical problems can leave students behind the class. Instructors should always be aware of technical problems at remote schools and provide additional instructional support promptly.
Kobayashi, M. (2006). Social Presence in K-12 Interactive Television Classrooms. In C. Crawford, R. Carlsen, K. McFerrin, J. Price, R. Weber & D. Willis (Eds.), Proceedings of SITE 2006--Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 402-407). Orlando, Florida, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).