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Reimagining Pedagogical Content Knowledge for the 21st Century

, Stephen F. Austin State University, United States

E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, in Washington, DC, United States Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), San Diego, CA


Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) is a theoretical framework that has enjoyed widespread applications as it applies to the integration of technology in the teaching and learning process. This paper reviews the background for TPACK, discusses some of its limitations, and reviews and introduces a new theoretical framework, 21st Century Pedagogical Content Knowledge (21st Century PCK), to clarify the discourse surrounding teaching and learning in an increasingly technological world.


Slough, S. (2016). Reimagining Pedagogical Content Knowledge for the 21st Century. In Proceedings of E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning (pp. 775-784). Washington, DC, United States: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved March 23, 2019 from .


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