You are here:

Collaborative Learning Through Drawing on iPads

, Social Learning, Graz University of Technology, Austria ; , Department of Social Learning / Graz University of Technology, Austria

AACE Award

EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada ISBN 978-1-939797-16-2 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC


Teamwork and collaboration skills are very important for improving learning efficiency and experience. Therefore an innovative iPad app, called Teamsketch, was developed to provide a collaborative sketch environment for devices with which pupils can simultaneously draw one sketch together. Up to four pupils can take part in a session and train collaboration just by drawing a sketch. First of all different features and issues of state-of-the-art applications were evaluated. Afterwards a prototype from scratch using Apple’s new programming language Swift has been implemented. Additionally, a web service, a web interface and also a web site were programmed in order to provide an evaluation tool for teachers. Furthermore, pupils can upload and download their drawn sketches and profile pictures. A first field test was carried out at the primary school Graz-Hirten. This test showed the potential of the app for training and evaluating team and collaboration skills.


Spitzer, M. & Ebner, M. (2015). Collaborative Learning Through Drawing on iPads. In S. Carliner, C. Fulford & N. Ostashewski (Eds.), Proceedings of EdMedia 2015--World Conference on Educational Media and Technology (pp. 806-815). Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved January 22, 2019 from .


View References & Citations Map


  1. Alavi, M. (1984). “An assessment of the prototyping approach to information systems development.” In: Commun. ACM 27, 6 (June 1984), pp. 556-563.
  2. Danesh, A., Inkpen, K., Lau, F., Shu, K. And Booth, K. (2001). “GeneyTM: Designing a Collaborative Activity for the palmTM Handheld Computer.” In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. CHI ’01. Seattle, Washington, USA: ACM, pp. 388–395. ISBN: 1-58113-327-8.
  3. Dillenbourg, P. (1999). “Collaborative learning: cognitive and computational approaches.” 2nd Revised Edition. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
  4. Ebner, M. And Kienleitner, B. (2014). “A Contribution to Collaborative Learning Using iPads for SchoolChildren.” In: European Immersive Education Summit, 2014, Vienna, pp. 87-97
  5. Ebner, M., Schönhart, J. And Schön, S. (2015) “Experiences with iPads in Primary School”. In: RESPUESTA EVALUACION. Revista PROFESORADO, accepted, in print
  6. Fischer, J. (2007). “Detektivische Methode-Legetechnik.” URL: , last accessed:
  7. Haythornthwaite, C. (1999). "Collaborative work networks among distributed learners." Systems Sciences, 1999. HICSS-32. Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Hawaii International Conference, vol.Track1, no., pp.16 pp.,,
  8. Kienleitner, B. (2013). “A Contribution to Collaborative Learning Using iPads for SchoolChildren.” Master thesis at Graz University of Technology
  9. Larson, O. (1986). “Information Systems prototyping.“ In: Proceedings Interest HP 3000 Conference, Madrid pp. 351-364. URL:, last accessed: October 2014
  10. Rideout, V. (2013). “Zero to Eight.” Tech. Rep. CommonSense Media Inc. URL:, last accessed: Nov. 2014
  11. Zurita, G. And Nussbaum, M. (2004). “Computer supported collaborative learning using wirelessly interconnected handheld computers.” In: Computers and Education 42.3, pp. 289–314. ISSN: 0360-1315

These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake in the references above, please contact