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Response to Lederman’s “What Works”

, Center for Applied Research in Educational Technology, International Society for Technology in Education, United States

CITE Journal Volume 3, Number 1, ISSN 1528-5804 Publisher: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education, Waynesville, NC USA


Norm Lederman's (2003) editorial, "What Works: Commentary on the Nature of Scientific Research," makes the points that different research questions call for different types of methodologies and that the current emphasis on defining "what works" by randomized experiments-while important for making causal inferences about certain interventions-is not "what works" for all research issues.


Bielefeldt, T. (2003). Response to Lederman’s “What Works”. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 3(1), 25-27. Norfolk, VA: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education. Retrieved November 19, 2019 from .



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