You are here:

Virtual Manipulatives in the K-12 Classroom

, ,

International Conference on New Ideas in Mathematics Education,


Innovations in technology, along with the growing prevalence of the Internet and its increasing availability in classrooms and homes throughout the world, have created a new class of manipulatives, virtual manipulatives. These "virtual manipulatives" offer a new, enhanced approach for teaching and learning mathematics using manipulatives and computers, one that combines the useful properties of existing computer manipulative programs while overcoming many of their disadvantages. Yet very little is known or written about them. The purpose of this paper is to establish a working definition of virtual manipulatives and discuss unique properties that make them particularly useful for the K-12 classroom. (Author)


Moyer, P.S., Bolyard, J.J. & Spikell, M.A. (2001). Virtual Manipulatives in the K-12 Classroom. Presented at International Conference on New Ideas in Mathematics Education 2001. Retrieved October 20, 2019 from .

This record was imported from ERIC on April 18, 2013. [Original Record]

ERIC is sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education.

Copyright for this record is held by the content creator. For more details see ERIC's copyright policy.


Cited By

View References & Citations Map

These links are based on references which have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake, please contact