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Speed and Performance Differences among Computer-Based and Paper-Pencil Tests


Journal of Educational Computing Research Volume 31, Number 1, ISSN 0735-6331


This study investigated the effect of several different modes of test administration on scores and completion times. In Experiment 1, paper-based assessment was compared to computer-based assessment. Undergraduates completed the computer-based assessment faster than the paper-based assessment, with no difference in scores. Experiment 2 assessed three different computer interfaces that provided students various levels of flexibility to change and review answers. No difference in scores was observed among the three modes, but students completed the least-flexible mode faster than the other two modes. It appears that less flexible test modes are faster and do not result in poorer performance than more flexible modes.


Bodmann, S.M. & Robinson, D.H. (2004). Speed and Performance Differences among Computer-Based and Paper-Pencil Tests. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 31(1), 51-60. Retrieved October 21, 2019 from .

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