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Using the Personal Competence Manager as a Complementary Approach to IMS Learning Design Authoring

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Interactive Learning Environments Volume 16, Number 1, ISSN 1049-4820


In this article TENCompetence will be presented as a framework for lifelong competence development. More specifically, the relationship between the TENCompetence framework and the IMS Learning Design (LD) specification is explored. LD authoring has proven to be challenging and the toolset currently available is targeting expert users mostly working for institutions of higher educations. Furthermore these tools re-enforce a fairly rigid top-down workflow approach towards design and delivery. This approach it is not always the most suitable model in all circumstances for all practitioners. TENCompetence provides an alternative bottom-up approach to LD authoring via its first implementation: the Personal Competence Manager (PCM). Constructs such as competence profiles and competence development programs, let users define, modify, and acquire competences they need for achieving their personal goals. We will show how the PCM provides support for these constructs and stimulates the bottom-up development of learning materials. We will also show how these concepts can be mapped towards LD. This allows the ad hoc designs of the PCM to be captured in a unit of learning (UOL). These UOLs can be enhanced and eventually fed back into the PCM, therewith closing the edit cycle. This editing cycle allows for a gradual integration of bottom-up ad hoc designs with more formal top-down designs introducing LD in a gentle fashion. (Contains 7 figures and 1 table.)


Vogten, H., Koper, R., Martens, H. & van Bruggen, J. (2008). Using the Personal Competence Manager as a Complementary Approach to IMS Learning Design Authoring. Interactive Learning Environments, 16(1), 83-100. Retrieved March 7, 2021 from .

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