You are here:

Effectiveness of Audio on Screen Captures in Software Application Instruction Article

, , Texas Tech University, United States

Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia Volume 14, Number 2, ISSN 1055-8896 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC USA


Presentation of software instruction has been supported by manuals and textbooks consisting of screen captures but a multimedia approach may increase learning outcomes. This paper investigates the effects of modality (text, audio, or dual) on the achievement and attitudes of college students learning a software application through the computer. Participants in this pilot study were presented with three variations of instruction over a software application. Differences between text only, audio only, and dual modality conditions were measured by achievement on a post-test, and attitudes toward instruction collected by survey. Results from the research indicated no significant effects were found in the ANOVA for the modalities in test scores. However, statistical significance was found in two of the attitude items. First, dual modality was preferred in learning computer applications. Second, audio did not appear to assist the learner in remembering factual information. The results will assist instructors and corporate trainers in presenting software applications effectively and efficiently in their respective occupations.


Veronikas, S. & Maushak, N. (2005). Effectiveness of Audio on Screen Captures in Software Application Instruction. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 14(2), 199-205. Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved May 21, 2018 from .



  1. Gellevij, M., van der Meij, H., de Jong, T., & Pieters, J. (2002). Visuals in instruction: Functions of screen captures in software manuals. Retrieved
  2. Mayer, R. (2001). Multimedia Learning. New York: Cambridge University Press. Moreno, R. & Mayer, R. (2001) Getting the message across: The role of verbal redundancy in multimedia explanations. Retrieved October 13, 2003, from
  3. LeeSing, A., & Miles, C. (1999). The relative effectiveness of audio, video, and static visual computer-mediated presentations. Canadian Journal of Education, 24(2), 212-21.
  4. Koroghlanian, C., & Sullivan, H. (2000). Audio and text density in computerbased instruction. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 22(2), 21730.

These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake in the references above, please contact