You are here:

Programming by Choice: Urban Youth Learning Programming with Scratch

, , , ,

SIGCSE Annual Meeting,


This paper describes Scratch, a visual, block-based programming language designed to facilitate media manipulation for novice programmers. We report on the Scratch programming experiences of urban youth ages 8-18 at a Computer Clubhouse--an after school center--over an 18-month period. Our analyses of 536 Scratch projects collected during this time documents the learning of key programming concepts even in the absence of instructional interventions or experienced mentors. We discuss the motivations of urban youth who choose to program in Scratch rather than using one of the many other software packages available to them and the implications for introducing programming at after school settings in under served communities.


Maloney, J., Peppler, K., Kafai, Y.B., Resnick, M. & Rusk, N. (2008). Programming by Choice: Urban Youth Learning Programming with Scratch. Presented at SIGCSE Annual Meeting 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from .

This record was imported from ERIC on April 19, 2013. [Original Record]

ERIC is sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education.

Copyright for this record is held by the content creator. For more details see ERIC's copyright policy.


Cited By

View References & Citations Map

These links are based on references which have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake, please contact