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A Model to Explore Turkish Teachers' ICT Integration Stages

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Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology Volume 9, Number 4, ISSN 1303-6521


The aim of the study is to determine teachers' ICT integration stages according to CEO Forum's standards and factors affecting their integration. Teachers are expected to use ICT in their teaching practice. Hence, it is crucial that their integration stages and factors affecting it are examined. A survey method was employed for this study. A sample of 200 teachers was selected randomly out of 460 teachers working in primary schools in Usak, Turkey. Researchers of this study developed an ICT integration questionnaire. Analysis of the data reveals that the teachers are in three different stages in ICT integration. A significant relationship is discovered between feelings of inadequacy in using ICT and exhibiting stage 1 behaviors. It is also clear that the ICT knowledge of teachers is the most important variable for the teachers who were at the third (the highest) stage of ICT integration. A model showing interrelations among factors influencing ICT integration behaviors were drawn for further studies to be tested. (Contains 6 tables.)


Yucel, C., Acun, I., Tarman, B. & Mete, T. (2010). A Model to Explore Turkish Teachers' ICT Integration Stages. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 9(4), 1-9. Retrieved April 22, 2019 from .

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