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Write2Code: Pen-Based Educational Tool for Java

, , , , , University of Florida

iJET Volume 16, Number 3, ISSN 1863-0383 Publisher: International Journal of Emerging Technology in Learning, Kassel, Germany


Java instruction generally involves the use of Integrated Development Envi-ronments (IDEs) to assist learners in understanding program structure and code syntax. However, the usage of IDEs can make learners’ understanding dependent on the computer, which makes it challenging for them to transi-tion to write their solutions by hand for programming assessments and cod-ing interviews. Research suggests that handwriting slows down learners’ thinking processes, helping them to better reflect on and engage in problem-solving contexts. We developed Write2Code, a handwriting-recognition ap-plication, to scaffold students’ learning of code syntax and logic by recog-nizing Java input from their handwritten text. In this paper, we present the tool’s architecture, features, and third-party technologies. We also describe how our design helps learners understand Java through an interface that promotes an unplugged experience with feedback similar to an IDE.


Feijoo-Garcia, P., Chen, Y.P., Esmaeili, S., Ma, Y. & Gardner-McCune, C. (2021). Write2Code: Pen-Based Educational Tool for Java. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 16(3), 307-315. Kassel, Germany: International Journal of Emerging Technology in Learning. Retrieved March 1, 2021 from .