Forced private tutoring in Egypt: Moving away from a corrupt social norm
International Journal of Educational Development Volume 66, Number 1, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Egypt stands as a showcase for a practice of private tutoring which severely impedes quality of education. Teachers compel students to pay for additional private tutoring, putting increased financial strain on the poorest members of society. Based on an original dataset on primary education in public schools, this paper joins empirical data and evolutionary theory to study the impact of policies to alleviate Forced Private Tutoring (FPT). Our model explains the limited impact of increases to teachers’ wages in 2012. We identify alternative policies which foster a FPT-free social norm and improve the quality of education in public schools.
Ille, S. & Peacey, M.W. (2019). Forced private tutoring in Egypt: Moving away from a corrupt social norm. International Journal of Educational Development, 66(1), 105-118. Elsevier Ltd.