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The effects of adult literacy on earnings and employment


Economics of Education Review Volume 30, Number 4, ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


This paper provides evidence of the effects of adult literacy on individuals’ income and employability in Brazil based on information obtained from the monthly employment survey (PME). The OLS results indicate that after controlling for observable characteristics, there is a 21.25% increase in wages for individuals who become literate; however, there is no significant impact on employability. Moreover, the findings show an 8.1% increase in the probability of being employed in the formal sector. We also explore the longitudinal structure of the dataset to control for unobservable fixed characteristics of individuals. The fixed-effects estimators show smaller effects compared to the OLS estimators. We find that literacy has a 4.4% effect on wages and a 4.3% impact on the probability of being formally employed. The effects are significantly different from zero.


de Baldini Rocha, M.S. & Ponczek, V. (2011). The effects of adult literacy on earnings and employment. Economics of Education Review, 30(4), 755-764. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved September 23, 2019 from .

This record was imported from Economics of Education Review on March 1, 2019. Economics of Education Review is a publication of Elsevier.

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