An assessment strategy for interprofessional interactions of primary care practitioner trainees
Calvin L. Chou, Department of Medicine, United States ; Alice Ainsworth, Department of Pediatrics, United States ; Bridget C. O'Brien, Department of Medicine, United States
Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice Volume 2, Number 1, ISSN 2405-4526 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Effective communication between team members can enhance health care outcomes. Training practicing health professionals in interprofessional communication skills is widely recognized to be important, but the effect of training is challenging to evaluate. To address this gap, we describe an innovative Interprofessional Objective Structured Clinical Examination (IPOSCE) that we designed to investigate patient-centered behaviors of medical residents and nurse practitioner residents. Trainees first interacted with standardized patients (SPs), modeled after actual patients with chronic medical and complex psychosocial issues. Subsequently, trainees rotated through a series of stations with individual standardized interprofessional colleagues (SIs), who were coached to deliver a non-patient-centered “challenging line” within each interaction. In focus groups, trainees related that they felt that the IPOSCE was representative of their typical practices. Objective assessment of trainees' skills using a validated instrument demonstrated moderately- to highly-effective patient-centered communication during SP and SI interactions. In conclusion, this IPOSCE successfully assessed interactions of our graduate-level trainees with SPs and SIs in a high-fidelity workplace simulation setting. Future work will determine how the assessment correlates with actual practice.
Chou, C.L., Ainsworth, A. & O'Brien, B.C. (2016). An assessment strategy for interprofessional interactions of primary care practitioner trainees. Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice, 2(1), 1-3. Elsevier Ltd.