Does the timing of transition matter? Comparison of German students’ self-perceptions before and after transition to secondary school
International Journal of Educational Research Volume 57, Number 1, ISSN 0883-0355 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
The often observed decline in students’ self-perceptions across transition to secondary school after grade 6 is often attributed to students’ entry to puberty. This study aims to examine whether lowered self-perceptions can be observed after transition in Germany which occurs after grade 4 and thus takes place before puberty. Fifth graders (N=307) were found to be lower in self-esteem, academic competence perceptions, and academic affect than 4th graders (N=318). No mean differences were found for physical appearance and peer self-concepts. Boys and girls did not differ in their reactions to transition. Hence, students’ lowered self-perceptions after transition may be predominantly attributed to the transition itself rather than to the co-occurrence of transition and puberty.
Arens, A.K., Yeung, A.S., Craven, R.G., Watermann, R. & Hasselhorn, M. (2013). Does the timing of transition matter? Comparison of German students’ self-perceptions before and after transition to secondary school. International Journal of Educational Research, 57(1), 1-11. Elsevier Ltd.