Learning and Instruction Volume 18, Number 4, ISSN 0959-4752 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
The paper presents three studies which deal with the time students spend working at home for school. In addition, the paper focuses on the distribution of time investment over the course of a week and on the relationship between academic achievement and time spent working at home for school. In sum, 824 students with an average age of 15 years participated in the studies. Data collection was done using diaries. Data equivocally show that students invest on the average 11.7h per week in work done at home for school. Girls spend more time than boys. Over the course of a school week, systematic fluctuations in time spent working at home for school could be observed. Application of Configural Frequency Analyses identified gender as the moderating variable in the relationship between time investment and scholastic achievement.
Wagner, P., Schober, B. & Spiel, C. (2008). Time students spend working at home for school. Learning and Instruction, 18(4), 309-320. Elsevier Ltd.