Private secondary schools in Indonesia: What is driving the demand?
Jonathan M.B. Stern, RTI International, United States ; Thomas M. Smith, University of California, Riverside, Graduate School of Education, United States
International Journal of Educational Development Volume 46, Number 1, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Despite recent evidence that students in public schools significantly outperform their private school counterparts, private schooling continues to account for approximately 40% of secondary school enrolments in Indonesia. In an effort to explain this sustained demand, we combine analyses of PISA data with in-country interviews and school visits. Ultimately, we find that although government dependent private schools are underfunded with a high proportion of uncertified, underpaid teachers (with limited access to training and professional development), demand remains high due to their focus on religious training and education, as well as their ability to increase educational access for low-income families.
Stern, J.M.B. & Smith, T.M. (2016). Private secondary schools in Indonesia: What is driving the demand?. International Journal of Educational Development, 46(1), 1-11. Elsevier Ltd.