The education of China's migrant children: The missing link in China's education system
Fang Lai, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, United States ; Chengfang Liu, Renfu Luo, Linxiu Zhang, Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Xiaochen Ma, University of California, United States ; Yujie Bai, Brian Sharbono, Scott Rozelle, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, United States
International Journal of Educational Development Volume 37, Number 1, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
This paper examines the academic performance of migrant students in China and explores determinants of their performance. The paper compares academic performance, student backgrounds and measures of school quality between private schools attended only by migrant children in Beijing (Beijing migrant schools) and rural public schools in Shaanxi province. Furthermore, we employ multivariate regression to examine how individual characteristics and school quality affect migrant student performance and the achievement gap between migrant students and those in rural public schools. We find that although migrant students outperform students in Shaanxi's rural public schools when they initially arrive in Beijing, they gradually lose ground to rural students due to the poorer school resources and teacher quality in their schools. Additional analysis comparing migrant students in migrant schools to migrant students in Beijing public schools demonstrates that given access to better educational resources, migrant students may be able to significantly improve their performance.
Lai, F., Liu, C., Luo, R., Zhang, L., Ma, X., Bai, Y., Sharbono, B. & Rozelle, S. (2014). The education of China's migrant children: The missing link in China's education system. International Journal of Educational Development, 37(1), 68-77. Elsevier Ltd.