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Characteristics and Tendencies of First and Second-Generation University Students


College Quarterly Volume 21, Number 2, ISSN 1195-4353


This study examined academic characteristics and tendencies of first-generation and second-generation students. Students at a mid-sized state university in Tennessee were surveyed to determine their preferred learning format, number of hours enrolled, hours applied toward studying outside the classroom, hours working off-campus, and current GPA. Results of the study revealed that first-generation students had slightly higher GPA's than second-generation students and preferred face-to-face instruction over on-line instruction. Researchers noticed that hours studied outside the classroom showed marginally significant differences over all the other categories observed.


Froggé, G.M. & Woods, K.H. (2018). Characteristics and Tendencies of First and Second-Generation University Students. College Quarterly, 21(2),. Retrieved February 27, 2021 from .

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