You are here:

Farmers’ knowledge, attitude, and perception of video-mediated learning vis-à-vis Farmer Field School on Striga weed management in Western Kenya

, , , University of Nairobi, Kenya ; , , ; , National University of Agriculture, Porto Novo, Republic of Benin

IJEDICT Volume 14, Number 2, ISSN 1814-0556 Publisher: Open Campus, The University of the West Indies, West Indies


Farmer education and perceptions have been neglected in extension science. Knowledge, attitude and perceptions on technologies are key and first steps in adoption process. While Video Mediated Learning (VML) is a new communication approach currently being promoted as alternative pathway to foster knowledge sharing, Farmer Field Schools (FFS) remain one of the most active traditional extension approach used in Kenya. Since farmer receptivity to messages depends on the extension approach used, this study sought to provide evidence and superiority on effectiveness of VML through evaluation of knowledge, attitude and perceptions. The study was conducted at Rachuonyo Sub-County, where a sample of 120 maize farmers was selected through Systematic random sampling. These farmers were put into three experimental groups namely; G1-Video Mediated Learning, G2-Farmer Field School and G3-a combination of video and FFS where they were trained on striga weed management. G1 watched video clips on striga control technologies, G2 learnt such technologies under FFS settings and G3 was subjected to both video clips and FFS on the same topic. Primary data on farmers’ access to extension services, knowledge in terms of awareness and how-to knowledge, attitude in terms of their opinions, approval, viability of the VML and perceptions in terms of understanding, quality and relevance of messages disseminated were gathered using pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaires. The results showed that 47.5% of the respondent accessed extension services. On knowledge, 77% of G1, 57.5% of G2 and 89% of G3 participants were aware and displayed knowledge on striga weed management. As regard to attitude, 72.5% of G1 and 55% G2 participants found video and FFS as viable tools and approved their use in extension work. Lastly, on perception, 84% of G1, 66% of G2 and 95% of G3 participants viewed messages as relevant and clear. From these results, there was an average difference of about 18% between video participants and FFS participants who had knowledge, found VML a viable tool and perceived messages disseminated as relevant. Video mediated learning was therefore greatly perceived to be a viable tool with its messages highly appreciated as compared to FFS. Hence, need for extension service providers to intensify the use of video mediated learning as it is viewed as a viable and effective tool in information delivery.


Ongachi, W., Onwonga, R., Nyanganga, H., Wangia, S., Chimoita, E. & Okry, F. (2018). Farmers’ knowledge, attitude, and perception of video-mediated learning vis-à-vis Farmer Field School on Striga weed management in Western Kenya. International Journal of Education and Development using ICT, 14(2),. Open Campus, The University of the West Indies, West Indies. Retrieved February 19, 2019 from .


View References & Citations Map


  1. Acheampong, P.P., Owusu, V., & Nurah, G.K. (2013). Farmers Preferences for Cassava Variety Traits: Empirical Evidence from Ghana. In AAAE-Fourth International Conference, September 22-25, 2013, Hammamet, Tunisia
  2. Davis, K., Ephraim, N., Edward, K., Daniel, A., and Martins, O. (2010). Impact of Farmer Field Schools on Agricultural Productivity and Poverty in East Africa. Discussion Paper series 00992, June 2010. Available on IFPRI’s website at
  3. Donus, B., Kwabena A., and Joseph A.K.(2013). Farmers’ perceptions of the quality of extension services provided by non-governmental organisations in two municipalities in the Central Region of Ghana. Journal of Agricultural Systems 120 (2013) 20–26. Journal homepage: Evans, A Itoh Kazuyuki, Azuma Tetsushi and Takashige Ishii. (2011). Farmers’ Perception and Constraints to the Adoption of Weed Control Options: the Case of Striga asiatica in Malawi Journal of Agricultural Science, Vol. 4, No. 5; 2012 page 41-50.
  4. Gandhi, R., Rajesh, V., Toyama, K., & Vanaja, R. (2009). Digital Green: Participatory Video and Mediated Instruction for Agricultural Extension. Volume 5, Number 1, spring 2009:

These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake in the references above, please contact