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Eight Patterns of Open Textbook Adoption in British Columbia ARTICLE

, Douglas College ; , British Columbia Institute of Technology & Royal Roads University ; , Kwantlen Polytechnic University ; , Royal Roads University

IRRODL Volume 19, Number 3, ISSN 1492-3831 Publisher: Athabasca University Press


Since the launch of the BC Open Textbook Project in 2012, the adoption of open textbooks has steadily grown within public post-secondary institutions in British Columbia, Canada. An analysis of adoption records over a five-year period reveals that open textbooks have been adopted across all types of institutions, including research universities, teaching universities, colleges, and institutes, and across a diverse set of disciplines, with the largest numbers in the sciences and social sciences. In this report we identify, describe, and illustrate eight distinct patterns of open textbook adoption. These are: stealth adoption, adoption by infection, committee adoption, sanctioned exceptional adoption, course developer adoption, infection by inter-institutional carrier, creation and adoption, and lone adoption. While these patterns are not intended to be exhaustive, we hope that identifying these patterns provides a useful framework for campus leaders to (a) understand how adoptions occur in their own contexts, (b) identify ways to support further adoptions, (c) recognize that there are multiple ways, and no single path, to supporting the adoption of educational innovations at their institutions, and (d) foster the embrace of wider open educational practices.


Barker, J., Jeffery, K., Jhangiani, R. & Veletsianos, G. (2018). Eight Patterns of Open Textbook Adoption in British Columbia. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 19(3),. Athabasca University Press. Retrieved August 19, 2018 from .


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