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Open and Distance Learning in French-Speaking Sub-Saharan Africa: A Literature Review ARTICLE

, University of Geneva

IRRODL Volume 19, Number 3, ISSN 1492-3831 Publisher: Athabasca University Press


This article is a literature review on open distance learnings (ODL) in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa (FSSA). The state of research on this question highlights many topics, such as the supporting reasons for the creation of ODL systems and their potentials. Success, difficulties, and issues linked to their implementation also hold a crucial place in this research. Besides, this literature review shows that studies on ODLs in FSSA emphasize the representations, motivations, and identities of students and university managers, including the historical and cooperative aspects of these third-generation learnings. While most of the research in this field are descriptive or exploratory, others are critical. Beyond these results, research must further explore many perspectives, mainly those related to teaching and learning practices, evaluation, social and university transformations, and the hybrid forms of learning.


Bch, E. (2018). Open and Distance Learning in French-Speaking Sub-Saharan Africa: A Literature Review. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 19(3),. Athabasca University Press. Retrieved August 22, 2018 from .


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