Learning from instructional animations: How does prior knowledge mediate the effect of visual cues? ARTICLE
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning Volume 34, Number 2, ISSN 1365-2729 Publisher: Wiley
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cueing and prior knowledge on learning and mental effort of students studying an animation with narration. This study employed a 2 (no cueing vs. visual cueing) × 2 (low vs. high prior knowledge) between-subjects factorial design. The results revealed a significant interaction effect between prior knowledge and cueing on learning. Low prior knowledge learners had higher scores after studying an instructional animation with visual cues, compared to those who studied the same instructional animation without visual cues. Conversely, when cues were not provided, high prior knowledge learners outperformed those high prior knowledge learners who studied with the cued version of an instructional animation. These results indicated that the effects of cueing in an instructional animation change depending on the learners' level of prior knowledge. Specifically, low prior knowledge learners benefited more when visual cues were provided, whereas cues did not facilitate learning for high prior knowledge learners.
Arslan‐Ari, I. (2018). Learning from instructional animations: How does prior knowledge mediate the effect of visual cues?. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 34(2), 140-149. Wiley. Retrieved March 23, 2018 from https://www.learntechlib.org/p/182445/.