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The Two Towers: The Quest for Appraisal and Leadership Development of ‘Middle’ Leaders online


Journal of Open, Flexible, and Distance Learning Volume 21, Number 2, ISSN 1179-7665 e-ISSN 1179-7665 Publisher: Distance Education Association of New Zealand


This paper sets out to examine the role of middle leaders and their quest for effective appraisal and leadership development online\u2014the two towers. Research that focuses on the role of middle leaders, in terms of their appraisal and leadership development, suggests there is a crisis in the \u2018middle\u2019. Currently, middle leaders do not have access to a specific national programme that focuses on leading from the middle. Moreover, they are not supported by those who are able to assess the gap in their leadership needs and provide the appropriate development. A lack of effective appraisal of middle leaders, and significantly deficient leadership development, suggest the need for an immediate call to action. Consequently, this paper explores the need for an online middle leadership programme that provides accessibility for these leaders in the unique contexts of their organisations, schools, and kura.


Bassett, M. & Robson, J. (2017). The Two Towers: The Quest for Appraisal and Leadership Development of ‘Middle’ Leaders online. Journal of Open, Flexible, and Distance Learning, 21(2), 20-30. Distance Education Association of New Zealand. Retrieved March 25, 2019 from .

This record was imported from the Journal of Open, Flexible, and Distance Learning on November 30, 2017. [Original Record]

The Journal of Open, Flexible, and Distance Learning is a publication of New Zealand Association for Open, Flexible and Distance Learning (DEANZ).


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