Integrated Circuits/Segregated Labor: Women in Three Computer-Related Occupations. Project Report No. 84-A27
This discussion of the impact of new computer occupations on women's employment patterns is divided into four major sections. The first section describes the six computer-related occupations to be analyzed: (1) engineers; (2) computer scientists and systems analysts; (3) programmers; (4) electronic technicians; (5) computer operators; and (6) data entry workers. Utilizing published data as well as the 1/1000 Public Use Samples (PUS) from the 1970 and 1980 U.S. Census, section 2 examines the status of women in the six major computer-related occupations and in high tech industries in general. Section 3 uses the 1980 published data and the 1980 PUS sample to investigate the relative earnings of men and women in three computer-related occupations in high tech and non-high tech industries. Six major findings from the study and their implications are discussed in section 4. It is concluded that women need to be made aware of the channeling that leads them into less prestigious, lower paying occupations or industries, and be helped to develop strategies to counteract this movement; however, at the same time efforts must be made to find ways of making occupations and workplaces more welcoming to both genders and more compatible with satisfying personal and family lives. A list of references and nine data tables are included. (JB)
Strober, M.H. & Arnold, C.L. Integrated Circuits/Segregated Labor: Women in Three Computer-Related Occupations. Project Report No. 84-A27.