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Effects of Peer-Tutor Competences on Learner Cognitive Load and Learning Performance during Knowledge Sharing
PROCEEDINGS

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International Association for Development of the Information Society (IADIS) International Conference on Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age (CELDA),

Abstract

In Learning Networks, learners need to share knowledge with others to build knowledge. In particular, when working on complex tasks, they often need to acquire extra cognitive resources from others to process a high task load. However, without support high task load and organizing knowledge sharing themselves might easily overload learners' limited cognitive capacities because learners first have to find relevant peer tutors (i.e., those who provide help) and then maintain the social interaction. We propose to design a peer-support system that selects tutors and provides support during knowledge sharing. The pilot study reported here investigated the effects of two peer tutor competences, tutoring skills vs. content knowledge, on tutees' (i.e., those who need help) cognitive load and learning performance. The results show that tutees supported by tutors with tutoring skills experienced lower cognitive load and had better learning performance than did tutees supported by tutors with content knowledge. This is in line with our assumption, but for confirmation we need to gather more data in a full study. We need to first use a task that requires learners to rely on others to trigger higher cognitive skills to deal with high task load. Secondly we need to find a modus to ensure that the tutors follow the instructions to apply the particular competence. (Contains 2 tables.) [For the complete proceedings, "Proceedings of the International Association for Development of the Information Society (IADIS) International Conference on Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age (CELDA) (Madrid, Spain, October 19-21, 2012)," see ED542606.]

Citation

Hsiao, Y.P., Brouns, F., van Bruggen, J. & Sloep, P.B. (2012). Effects of Peer-Tutor Competences on Learner Cognitive Load and Learning Performance during Knowledge Sharing. Presented at International Association for Development of the Information Society (IADIS) International Conference on Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age (CELDA) 2012. Retrieved December 15, 2019 from .

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