Parks and recreation faculty's intention towards the use of instructional technology: An application of the theory of planned behavior
Yuen Ming Jennifer Mak, Indiana University, United States
Indiana University . Awarded
The study determined if relationships existed between the intention to use instructional technology among park and recreation faculty members and the three components of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB): attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control. The relationships between the selected demographic variables (gender, teaching experience, and specialty areas) and the intention to use instructional technology were examined. Current and future applications of instructional technology being used in park and recreation curricula were also identified. Data were collected from 406 out of 972 park and recreation faculty members in the United States and Canada by using a mailed questionnaire. The data were analyzed using five statistical techniques: (a) the frequency distribution, (b) the Cronbach Coefficient Alpha test, (c) the Chi-square test, (d) the structural equation modeling, and (e) a three-way analysis of variance. The rejection level of the hypotheses was set at a = .05. Attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control accounted for 48% of intention to use instructional technology. Among them, the strongest predictor of intention was attitude, followed by subjective norm and perceived behavioral control. Moreover, there were no significant differences among gender, teaching experience, specialty areas and behavioral intention to use instructional technology by park and recreation faculty. Among the eleven applications of instructional technology tested, using e-mail to communicate with students and developing class handouts with word processing between current and future semesters were found to be insignificantly different. Implications were discussed for educators, university administrators, and policy makers. Several recommendations for further research were provided. The questionnaire could serve as a foundation for a generalized instrument that could serve as the main construct for identifying the other 520 unexplained variance and could also be applied to other populations.
Mak, Y.M.J. Parks and recreation faculty's intention towards the use of instructional technology: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Ph.D. thesis, Indiana University.
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Cited ByView References & Citations Map
Design and Development of Students’ Attitudes Questionnaire towards Innovative Information Technology for Learning
Feng-Kuang Chiang & Chung-Shan Sun, National Kaohsiung Normal University, Taiwan; Heinz- Dietrich Wuttke & Knauf Rainer, Ilmenau University of Technology, Germany
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2009 (Mar 02, 2009) pp. 1786–1791
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