Attitudes and perceived behavioral control of first-year college student's alcohol use: A study of an instructional software intervention
Mary Ellen Michael, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign . Awarded
The purpose of this study was: (a) to determine if participation in an alcohol education software program would change attitude and perceived personal control in regard to intention to handle alcohol more wisely in the near future; and, (b) to determine the effect of the intervention on this cohort of Greeks and non-Greeks, males and females, and light to heavy drinkers. Data were obtained from a national sample of college undergraduate men and women from 21 universities and colleges in the United States during the Fall Semester of 1997 (n = 1076). Each participant took a pre-survey, the CD- ROM Alcohol 101 simulation software program, and a post-test survey. A proportion of the students had Greek affiliation (n = 200). They were compared with non-Greeks (n = 844) in regard to their interaction with the intervention. Men and women were also compared on their interaction with the program.
Results of t-tests, ANOVAs, and correlations revealed that the Alcohol 101 intervention had a significant improvement in the desired direction for all, students, Greeks and non-Greeks, and men and women in regard to their attitude and personal control from pre-test to post-test. Greek students had a more favorable attitude toward alcohol and less personal control of alcohol than non-Greeks at pre-test and post-test and poorer intention at post-test. Greek students did not improve differentially at post-test from non-Greek students; there was no interaction. Men had a significantly poorer attitude and less control at pre- test and post-test than women. Men had a poorer intention as well. Men showed no differential improvement compared with women. Men's amount of improvement was approximately parallel with that of women. Greeks drank significantly more than non-Greeks and men drank significantly more than women. The more alcohol students drank, the poorer were their attitudes, control, and intention. No support was found for the hypothesis regarding drinking patterns and differential improvement at posttest on attitude and personal control.
Michael, M.E. Attitudes and perceived behavioral control of first-year college student's alcohol use: A study of an instructional software intervention. Ph.D. thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
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